41:They Leave Paradise

'Then both of them knew that they were naked: wherefore, being ashamed, they took fig leaves and made a clothing for their secret parts. When midday was passed, behold God appeared to them, and called Adam, saying: "Adam, where art thou?"
    
             'He answered: "Lord, I did hide myself from thy presence because I and my wife are naked, and so we are ashamed to present ourselves before thee."
     
              'Then said God: "And who hath robbed you of your innocence, unless ye have eaten the fruit by reason of which ye are unclean, and will not be able to abide longer in paradise?"
    
             'Adam answered: "O Lord, the wife whom thou hast given me besought me to eat, and so I have eaten thereof."
    
            'Then said God to the woman: "Wherefore gavest thou such food to thy husband?"
    
            'Eve answered: "Satan deceived me, and so I did eat." 
            "'And how did that reprobate enter in hither?" said God.
    
            'Eve answered: "A serpent that standeth at the northern gate brought him near to me."
    
            'Then said God to Adam: "Because thou hast hearkened to the voice of thy wife and hast eaten the fruit, cursed be the earth in thy works; it shall bring forth for thee brambles and thorns, and in the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread. And remember that thou art earth, and to earth thou return."
    
          'And he spoke to Eve, saying: "And thou who didst hearken to Satan, and gavest the food to thy husband, shalt abide under the dominion of man, who shall keep thee as a slave, and thou shalt bear children with travail."
    
          'And having called the serpent, God called the angel Michael, him who holdeth the sword of God, [and] said: "First drive forth from paradise this wicked serpent, and when outside cut off his legs: for if he shall wish to walk, he must trail his body upon the earth." Afterwards God called Satan, who came laughing, and he said to him: "Because thou, reprobate, hast deceived these and hast made them to become unclean, I will that every uncleanness of them and of all their children, whereof they shall be truly penitent and shall serve me, in going forth from their body shall enter through thy mouth, and so shalt thou be satiated with uncleanness."
    
           'Satan then gave a horrible roar, and said: "Since thou willest to make me ever worse, I yet will make me that which I shall be able!"
    
          'Then said God: "Depart, cursed one, from my presence!"
          Then Satan departed; whereupon God said to Adam [and] Eve, who were both weeping: "Go ye forth from paradise, and do penance, and let not your hope fail, for I will send your son in such wise that your seed shall lift the dominion of Satan from off the human race: for he who shall come, my messenger, to him will I give all things."
    
           'God hid himself, and the angel Michael drove them forth from paradise. Whereupon Adam, turning him round, saw written above the gate, "There is only one God, and Mohammed is messenger of God." Whereupon, weeping, he said: "May it be pleasing to God, O my son, that thou come quickly and  draw us out of misery."
    
          'And thus,' said Jesus, 'sinned Satan and Adam through pride, the one by despising man, the other by wishing to make himself equal with God.'
 

An Islamic Perspective and Commentary
by
Ishaq Zahid

    The Holy Quran does not provide such detailed account of Adam ad Eve's temptation and their consequent departure from the paradise. The narrations also differ in some important points. The Holy Quran does not blame "the woman" for the fall of Adam. It holds both responsible for the sin. In fact, at one point, it appears as though it was Adam whom the Quran blames. It is also important to note that the departure of Adam and Eve from paradise was not a punishment for the crime. The last part of the current chapter of the Gospel also alludes to the penance of Adam. According to the Holy Quran, they repented before God thus,

007.023 They said: "Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls: If thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost."

God, Almighty accepted their repentence. However, they now must begin their second stage of life on earth away from paradise. What took place has been mentioned in the Quran at more than one place with variations in emphasis. The following is one such narration:

007.011 It is We Who created you and gave you shape; then We bade the angels bow down to Adam, and they bowed down; not so Iblis; He refused to be of those who bow down.007.012 (God) said: "What prevented thee from bowing down when I commanded thee?" He said: "I am better than he: Thou didst create me from fire, and him from clay."007.013 (God) said: "Get thee down from this: it is not for thee to be arrogant here: get out, for thou art of the meanest (of creatures)."007.014 He said: "Give me respite till the day they are raised up."007.015 (God) said: "Be thou among those who have respite."007.016 He said: "Because thou hast thrown me out of the way, lo! I will lie in wait for them on thy straight way:007.017 "Then will I assault them from before them and behind them, from their right and their left: Nor wilt thou find, in most of them, gratitude (for thy mercies)."007.018 (God) said: "Get out from this, disgraced and expelled. If any of them follow thee,- Hell will I fill with you all.

007.019 "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and enjoy (its good things) as ye wish: but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression."007.020 Then began Satan to whisper suggestions to them, bringing openly before their minds all their shame that was hidden from them (before): he said: "Your Lord only forbade you this tree, lest ye should become angels or such beings as live for ever."007.021 And he swore to them both, that he was their sincere adviser.007.022 So by deceit he brought about their fall: when they tasted of the tree, their shame became manifest to them, and they began to sew together the leaves of the garden over their bodies. And their Lord called unto them: "Did I not forbid you that tree, and tell you that Satan was an avowed enemy unto you?"007.023 They said: "Our Lord! We have wronged our own souls: If thou forgive us not and bestow not upon us Thy Mercy, we shall certainly be lost."007.024 (God) said: "Get ye down. With enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling-place and your means of livelihood,- for a time."007.025 He said: "Therein shall ye live, and therein shall ye die; but from it shall ye be taken out (at last)."

20: Miracle on the Sea

Jesus went to the sea of Galilee, and having embarked in a ship sailed to his city of Nazareth; whereupon there was a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was nigh unto sinking. And Jesus was sleeping upon the prow of the ship. Then drew near to him his disciples, and awoke him, saying: 'O master, save thyself, for we perish!' They were encompassed with very great fear, by reason of the great wind that was contrary and the roaring of the sea. Jesus arose, and raising his eyes to heaven, said: 'O Elohim Sabaoth, have mercy upon thy servants.'  Then, when Jesus had said this, suddenly the wind ceased, and the sea became calm. Wherefore the seamen feared, saying: 'And who is this, that the sea and the wind obey him?"

    Having arrived at the city of Nazareth the seamen spread through the city all that Jesus had wrought, whereupon the house where Jesus was, was surrounded by as many as dwelt in the city. And the scribes and doctors having presented themselves unto him said: 'We have heard how much thou hast wrought in the sea and in Judaea: give us therefore some sign here in thine own country.'  

    Jesus answered: 'This faithless generation seek a sign, but it shall not be given them, because no prophet is received in his own country. In the time of Elijah there were many widows in Judaea, but he was not sent to be nourished save unto a widow of Sidon. Many were the lepers in the time of Elisha in Judaea; nevertheless only Naaman the Syrian was cleansed.'  

    Then were the citizens enraged and seized him and carried him on to the top of a precipice to cast him down. But Jesus walking through the midst of them, departed from them.

 

66: God alone is good

One of them came to him, saying: 'Good master, thou teaches well and truly; tell me therefore, in paradise what reward shall God give us?'

    Jesus answered: 'Thou callest me good, and knowest not that God alone is good, even as said Job, the friend of God: "A child of a day old is not clean; yea, even the angels are not faultless in God's presence." Moreover he said: "The flesh attracteth sin, and sucketh up iniquity even as a sponge sucketh up water."

   Wherefore the priest was silent, being confounded. And Jesus said: 'Verily I say unto you, naught is more perilous than speech. For so said Solomon: "Life and death are in the power of the tongue."'

   And he turned to his disciples, and said: 'Beware of those who bless you, because they deceive you. With the tongue Satan blessed our first parents, but miserable was the outcome of his words. So did the sages of Egypt bless Pharaoh. So did Goliath bless the Philistines. So did four hundred false prophets bless Ahab; but false were their praises, so that the praised one perished with the praisers. Wherefore not without cause did God say by Isaiah the prophet: "My people, those that bless thee deceive thee."

   'Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees; woe unto you, priests and Levites, because ye have corrupted the sacrifice of the Lord, so that those who come to sacrifice believe that Go eateth cooked flesh like unto a man.'

 

An Islamic Perspective and Commentary
by
Ishaq Zahid

    Islam condemns hypocrisy. One of the "qualities" of the hypocrites mentioned by Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) is that when such a person speaks, he lies. Allah's punishment on a hypocrite is sever. Having said that, the statement about a day old child being unclean may lead someone to reinforce the Christian concept of "born in sin." In Islam, every child is born good and on the right path. It is only later that his or her parents and the surrounding society help the child turn a believer or a disbeliever.

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Chapters List

 

1: True Gospel of Jesus
2: Joseph
3: Jospeh Visits Bethlehem
4: The Angel and the Shepherds
5: Circumcision
6: Herod Affrighted
7: The Magi Warned
8: Herod Massacres Children
9: Jesus at 12
10: The Gospel to Jesus at 30
11: A Leper Cured
12: First Sermon of Jesus
13: Gabriel Comforteth Jesus
14: Forty Days of Fasting & Twelve Apostles
15: Water into Wine
16: The Sermon on the Mount
17: The Doctrine Concerning God
18: Render Good for Evil
19: Betrayal Foretold & Lepers Healed
20: Miracle on the Sea
21: Swine Cast into the Sea
22: Uncircumcised As Dogs
23: Origin of Circumcision
24: Rich and Poor
25: Despise Flesh
26: Abraham's Father
27: Abraham's Prudence
28: Abraham Escapes Fire
29: Then Spake God
30: Eternal Life
31: Priests and a centurion
32: Statues of Flesh
33: The Greatest Sin
34: Be Humble
35: Satan Rebels
36: True Prayer and its Significance
37: A Prayer
38:Ablution Before Prayer
39:Adam Gets Life
40: Adam and Eve Fell in Temptation
41:They Leave Paradise
42: I am not the Messiah
43: Promise to Ishmael
44: Sacrifice Ishmael
45: Who is a Hypocrite
46: Laborers in the Vineyard
47: The Widow's son of Nain
48: Tumult at Nain
49: Jesus Preacheth at Capernaum
50: Concerning Judgment
51: Jesus Hath Pity on Satan
52: Dreadful Day
53: Signs of the Judgment Day
54: Of the Judgment Day
55: Muhammad at the Judgment Day
56: The Book is Opened
57: The Reprobates at the Judgment Day
58: No Pity on Reprobates
59: Concerning Hell
60: Torment of Hell
61: A Parable
62: Example of the Merchant
63: Warning Against Vengeance
64: Against Vengeance
65: The Probatica
66: God alone is good
67: Corrupted Sacrifice
68: Reward or Punishment for Priests
69: On Priests Preferring This World
70: Peter Rebuked
71: Healings in Galilee
72: Prophecy When Gospel is Annulled
73: Four Ways by Satan
74: Sin in Thought
75: A Recipe For Clean Thoughts
76: Three Kinds of Husbandmen
77: Right Use of Knowledge
78: Value of Learning
79: Law Not For Love of Law
80: Learn to Work Well
81: A Woman of Samaria
82: Woman- a Truth Seeker
83: The Other Food
84: Purity in Prayer
85: True Friends
86: Qualities of Friends
87: Put Off Fleshly Prudence
88: Man is amended with mercy
89: Never cut off from mercy
90: Of Faith
91: Disturbance Regarding Jesus
92: Hailed as God near Jordan
93: Jesus: I'm like other men
94: Miracles of other Prophets
95: Attributes of God
96: Mercy to the World
97: Muhammad is his blessed name
98: Decree of Roman Senate
99: God is Jealous for His Honor
100: Eighty-Two Sent for Preaching
101: Penitence for pure love of God
102: Mourning for Sins
103: Weep for Sins only
104: Measure sorrow not tears
105: Universe before God is like a small grain
106: The Body, the Soul and the Sense
107: Fast of Penitence
108: Sleep of Body and Soul
109: Never forget God
110: Desire for good
111: Weep, Fast and Watch
112: A Secret revealed to Barnabas
113: Parable of a barren fig tree
114: Man is born to work
115: Lust
116: The Lust of Eye may blind you
117: Elijah and the blind man
118: Guard the Eye
119: Prayer is the medicine of the soul
120: Vain talk weakens Intellect
121: Talk only as necessary
122: Evils of Avarice
123: On the Composition of Man
124: The Faith is One
125: Give for love of God
126: Disciples preach throughout Judaea
127: Jesus Preaches at Jerusalem
128: Prayers of a pharisee and a publican
129: Jesus at Simon's house
130: Simon and a public sinner
131: John at Herod's table
132: Sower and the tares
133: Infidel fathers, faithful sons
134: Regarding preachers
135: Seven Centers of Hell
136: Every one shall see Hell
137:Faithful without Deeds
138:Miracle of the Harvest
139: Betrayal Foretold
140: Measure Life by Death
141: Contemplate on Death
142: Judas Confers with Priests
143:Disciples arrive at Damascus
144:Of The Origin of Pharisees
145:The Little Book of Elijah
146:The Prodigal Son
147:The Prodigal Son ...
148: The Two Hermit-Pharisees
149: The Two Hermit-Pharisees...
150: The Two Hermit-Pharisees...
151: The Marks of a True Pharisee
152: Roman Soldiers
153: Miracle Wrought on Soldiers
154: Jesus and a Doctor
155: On the Forbidden Fruit
156: A Man Born Blind Receives his sight
157: The man born blind marvelled at their unbelief
158: The World of Three Kinds
159: Of the Nature of Sin
160: Ahab and Micaiah
161: Of Nature of Sin
162: Of Predestination
163: Muhammad-the White Cloud of Mercy
164: No Predestination unto Reprobation
165:The Elect
166: Predestination and Freedom
167: Predestination Inscrutable
168: The Clear Mirror
169: Of the Glory of Paradise
170: Wages Forever
171: Abundance of Rewards in Paradise
172: Grain of Sand to the Sea
173: Abundance in Paradise
174: Body without Putrefaction.
175: God says this in Isaiah the prophet
176: No Envy in Paradise
177: Sun and Moon of Paradise
178: Flawed Logic of Peter
179: God thru Eye of Paradise
180: Man's Merit
181: Shun: "I Merit"
182: Call me Brother not Lord
183: True Humility
184: Left with False Pharisees
185:Haggai and Obadiah
186:Haggai's Prayer
187:Haggai and Hosea
188:Hosea in Jerusalem
189: The Sun Stood Still for 12 Hours
190: Do not Offend God at all costs
191: Book of Moses on the Messiah
192: God has not locked up his mercy in Israel alone
193:Jesus at the tomb of Lazarus
194: Life is Death if no Perception of God
195:Jesus in the house of Lazarus
196: Lazarus has died once only
197: The Similitude of a good Axe
198:On death and its teaching
199: Worth of a single tear in repentence
200:Jesus Entereth Jerusalem
201:The Woman taken in adultery
202: Great is the number of the righteous unrighteous
203:God's Judgement on Jerusalem
204:Judgement on Jerusalem (cont)
205: In the House of Simon the Leper
206: Jesus Confronts the high Priest
207: Jesus Confronts the high Priest (contd)
208: Priests Try Stoning Jesus
209: Gabriel Comforts Mary
210: They Search for Jesus
211: Jesus Consoles his Disciples
212: Jesus Prays
213: Jesus Washes Disciples' Feet
214: Judas Betrays
215: Divine Rescue of Jesus
216: Judas Transformed
217: Judas was Crucified
218: Body of Judas Stolen
219: Jesus appeareth to his mother and his disciples
220: Jesus and the Four Angels
221: Jesus Chargeth Barnabas to Write
222: Jesus Carried Up to Heaven